FINDINGS IN RELATION TO INVESTIGATED CONTENT

A review of the recordings and the responses from the respective broadcasters revealed the following summary of findings against the respective broadcasters.

FINDINGS ON THE SPECIFIC BREACHES

Broadcaster Bukedde TV
Allegation(s) It was reported that the manner in which Bukedde TV presented its news, specifically Agataliiko mu ttuntu, Agabutikiidde and Agataliiko nfuufu on 29th April 2019 was sensational, alarmist was partial to specific politicians, and was likely to incite violence.
Provisions of the law/standards i. Schedule 4(a) of the Minimum Broadcasting Standards provides that factual programmes such as news and current affairs should present information in a factual, objective and balanced manner.
ii. SGBP– 2.9. Factual programmes such as news, current affairs or documentary programmes should present information in an objective, accurate and balanced manner.
iii. SGBP– 3.1. Broadcasting programmes should not:
– present information or events in a manner likely to mislead or cause alarm to the public;
– contain extremist or anarchic messages, including the incitement of violence for political ends or other purposes; or
– Sensationalize the treatment of any issue whether local, nationalistic or foreign in nature.
iv. SGBP– 2.11. A broadcaster shall ensure that the re-use of any material in a news and current affairs context, including the use of archive material, does not create unfairness or result in inaccuracies.
V. SGBP– 2.1 Programmes should not undermine public security interest or public confidence in the law and its enforcement in Uganda.
Vi. SGBP-1. Suggestions that justice can be achieved by violence, vigilante action or other means of taking law enforcement into one’s own hands should be avoided. Any exceptions must take into account the context and redeeming values.
S. 51, 83, 21 of PC – incitement to violence
vii. SGBP– 2.3 Broadcasters should be vigilant against the likely effects of all television material on children. It is, therefore, necessary for broadcasters to exercise considered judgement on the capacity of children, in different age groups, to cope with the depiction and treatment of material which may not be suitable for them.
Findings After reviewing the recordings for all the news bulletins that were aired on Bukedde TV on 29th April 2019 and the written submissions made by Bukedde TV, the investigation found that:

1. The manner in which Bukedde TV presented its news bulletins of midday (Agataliiko mu Ttuntu) and Agataliiko Nfuufu (10 pm),  were embellished and capable of causing needless worry or panic among members of the public. The content was presented in a way that was likely to create public agitation and indignation at the expense of accuracy.

2. None of the news clips involving the rowdy crowds contained an official comment from the security agencies or a qualifying statement that they had been reached and declined to comment. Neither the Police spokesperson nor other national security agencies were interviewed regarding the events that were being reported about, yet there were specific allegations made against them. In the absence of a rebuttal, such allegations would be deemed to be true by the broader public. Further, the clips were presented in such a way as to tell only one side to the story. For example, the accused person’s lawyers were interviewed, but the prosecutor’s opinion was not sought. A man’s arrest is captured, but the officers are not given a chance to explain their actions.

3. Bukedde repeatedly used images from previous events as part of what they later explained to the commission as “the build-up” for the events that happened on 29th of April 2019, without adequately warning the public that the story contained historical events. As a result, the news created a narrative of constant and complete chaos which was not accurate. The news anchor in one of the bulletins stated that “this was the state of affairs in Kampala today”. This created the impression that Kampala as a whole was enveloped in chaos, yet clearly, only sections of the city were affected. On this day in question, this sort of reporting had the potential to mislead and inflame the already volatile situation.

4. Bukedde TV gave biased and extensive coverage of specific personalities, groups and events and did not give a chance to the personnel with whom they conflicted to respond and share their side of the story.

5. Bukedde TV news contained several clips of rowdy youths engaged in running battles with the Police, with others cheering on as riotous crowds challenged and defied Police orders. The repeated broadcasting of such violent images and stories had the potential to disorient the public into believing that it is acceptable to fight the Police and other security operatives, which can potentially cause a break down in law and order.

6. It was also observed that Bukedde TV covered several individuals who made inciting comments, calling upon the public to disregard the Police and encouraged resistance of lawful Police orders. This was manifested through continued and repeated broadcasting of images of beatings, tear-gassing, burning of tyres and the erection of barricades inroads. The broadcaster did not caution the public to maintain order nor condemn the incitement of violence in compliance with Minimum Broadcasting Standards.

7. Bukedde TV also showed content with violent pictures in its news bulletins, without taking adequate measures to protect children against the gruesome images; (such as blurring or warning for viewer discretion). This potentially exposed audiences especially children, to inappropriate content. Bukedde TV failed to reasonably balance its news by ensuring that all key players are given due coverage. The news bulletin did not contain adequate and balanced response from security agencies to contextualise the day’s events.
Recommended action a) Considering the gravity of the breaches found, and the fact that Bukedde TV had previously been warned against similar breaches, it is recommended that Bukedde TV is given notice to show cause as to why the Commission should not invoke section 41 of the Uganda Communications Act 2013 against it.

b) It is recommended that Bukedde TV be required to train all its news reporters, producers and editor in professional reporting, where key provisions of the law and the standards should be emphasised.
Broadcaster NTV
Allegation(s) a) It was reported that NTV gave biased and undue extensive coverage of personalities and events such as coverage of FDC and People Power activities instead of running approved programming schedules.

b) It was further reported that NTV programmes such as NTV Akawungeezi and Live@9 sensationalised news stories in ways that were likely to incite violence.

c) It was also reported that NTV was allowing members of its staff who were known persons of influence, to publicly declare their personal political views and allegiance to specific political parties.
Provisions of the law/standards SGBP-12.12. Broadcasters should not give undue prominence to the views and opinions of particular persons or bodies on matters of political, industrial controversy or matters pertaining to current public policy in all factual programmes. Undue prominence is a significant imbalance of views aired within coverage of matters of political, industrial controversy or matters relating to current public policy.
SGBP 2.6 Broadcasters should provide advisory notices for programme content which may be potentially disturbing or upsetting so as to enable viewers to make an informed choice.
Findings After reviewing the recordings for all the news bulletins that were aired by NTV on 29th April 2019 and the written submissions made by NTV, the investigation found that:
1. NTV gave undue coverage and prominence to particular individuals and activities.

2. NTV sensationalised news stories concerning the confrontation between Police and the rowdy crowds.

3. NTV glorified the confrontation between the Police and the rowdy crowds, with the risk that continued broadcasting of such stories was likely to embolden other mobs to attack the Police and cause violence.

4. It was confirmed that NTV has members of staff who are persons of influence, and who have publicly declared their political views and allegiance to specific political parties. NTV has fallen short of ensuring that such employees’ political affiliations do not compromise the objectivity required by the Broadcasting standards while carrying out their duties.

For example, investigations confirm that prior to Joel Ssenyonyi’s reported departure from NTV, he had publically confirmed his political affiliation, and this was evident in the reports made, which is in breach of the Standards.
Recommended action a) Considering the gravity of the breaches found, and the fact that NTV has previously been warned against similar breaches, it is recommended that NTV be given notice to show cause as to why the Commission should not invoke section 41 of the Uganda Communications Act 2013.

b) It is recommended that NTV be required to train all its news reporters, producers and editors in professional reporting, where key provisions of the law and the standards should be emphasised.

c) It is recommended that NTV be required to exercise professionalism and demonstrate that it has adequate measures in place to ensure that news reporters, anchors, producers and editors remain impartial and non-partisan.
Broadcaster BBS
Allegation(s) It was reported that the manner in which BBS TV presented its news and other live programmes on the 29th April 2019 was sensational, alarmist and gave undue prominence to specific individuals and activities. This was likely to incite violence.
Provisions of the law/standards SGBP- 3.1 (v) Broadcasting programmes should not sensationalise the treatment of any issue whether local, nationalistic or foreign in nature.
SGBP- 12.12.Broadcasters should not give undue prominence to the views and opinions of particular persons or bodies on matters of political, industrial controversy or matters pertaining to current public policy in all factual programmes. Undue prominence is a significant imbalance of views aired within coverage of matters of political, industrial controversy or matters relating to current public policy.
SGBP- 2.9.Factual programmes such as news, current affairs or documentary programmes should present information in an objective, accurate and balanced manner.
SGBP 3.1– Broadcasting programmes should not:
ii. present information or events in a manner likely to mislead or cause alarm to the public;
iv. contain extremist or anarchic messages, including the incitement of violence for political ends or other purposes;
SGBP-16. 1. Broadcasters must exercise particular care when putting ‘live’ calls on air especially where topics involved are sensitive ones, and comments made may be derogatory or offensive.
Findings After reviewing the recordings and written submission made by BBS Television, and after taking into account the responses provided by the management of BBS in the physical interaction with the investigation team, it was found that:

1. BBS TV sensationalised news stories concerning the confrontation between Police and the rowdy crowds.

2. BBS gave undue and biased extensive coverage of particular personalities and events. BBS also showed content with violent pictures such as news, without taking adequate measures to protect children against gruesome images, (such as blurring or warning for viewer discretion). This potentially exposes audiences especially children, to inappropriate content.

3. BBS failed to reasonably balance its news by ensuring that all key players are given due coverage. For example, none of the news clips contained an official statement from the spokespersons of security agencies inspite of the fact that there were numerous allegations against them.

4. BBS video coverage particularly glorified and glamorised the actions of the rioters. There was coverage depicting motorcyclists showcasing their reckless riding skills, utterances to the effect that they were defeating the Police and that they were fighting for a cause. The coverage in its commentary supported the actions of the rioters and provided them with a platform to speak and propagate their message yet those against whom the allegations were made were not represented or given a similar platform. This was grossly below the standards required under the law.

5. BBS conducted several interviews from members of the public and relayed the same without exercising any reasonable editorial controls to avoid broadcasting inciting and misleading commentaries. This resulted in the airing of unsubstantiated claims, hate speech and inciting content.
For example, during the programme aired between 12:45 to 12:50 pm, there was coverage of interviewees who called upon the masses to rally against the Police and disparaged the president and the government yet the broadcaster did not caution the viewers nor give the Police or any representative of government a chance to counter the allegations.

6.  BBS TV repeatedly aired images of beatings, teargassing, burning of tyres, erecting of barricades in roads and gruesome pictures of victims of violence, without a viewer’s advisory notice.
Recommended action a) Considering the gravity of the breaches found, and the fact that BBS has previously been warned against similar breaches, it is recommended that BBS TV be given notice to show cause as to why the Commission should not invoke section 41 of the Uganda Communications Act 2013.

b) It is recommended that BBS TV be required to train all its news reporters, producers and editors in professional reporting, where key provisions of the law and the standards should be emphasised.
Broadcaster NBS TV
Allegation(s) It was reported that the manner in which NBS TV presented its news and other programmes on the 29th April 2019 was sensational, alarmist and gave undue coverage and prominence to specific individuals and events, likely to incite violence.
Provisions of the law/standards SGBP 2.1 Programmes should not undermine public security interest or public confidence in the law and its enforcement in Uganda.
SGBP- 19.4. Broadcasters should ensure that the re-use of material, i.e. use of material originally filmed or recorded for one purpose and then used in a programme for another purpose or used in a later or different programme, does not create unfairness. This applies both to material obtained from others and the broadcaster’s own material.
SGBP- 2.6 Broadcasters should provide advisory notices for programme content which may be potentially disturbing or upsetting so as to enable viewers to make an informed choice. SGBP- 2.3 Broadcasters should be vigilant against the likely effects of all television material on children. It is, therefore, necessary for broadcasters to exercise considered judgement on the capacity of children, in different age groups, to cope with the depiction and treatment of material which may not be suitable for them.
SGBP- 3.1. Broadcasting programmes should not:
ii. present information or events in a manner likely to mislead or cause alarm to the public;
iv. contain extremist or anarchic messages, including the incitement of violence for political ends or other purposes;
SGBP- 12.6. Broadcasters shall ensure that morbid, sensational or alarming details not essential to factual reporting are avoided. Images that may seriously distress or offend like dead bodies should only be displayed in clear public interest.
SGBP- 12. 28. Each broadcaster shall have and implement appropriate policies and procedures to address any conflicts of interests that may exist or arise in respect of anyone with an editorial involvement in any news or current affairs content, whether such person works on-air or off-air.
Findings After reviewing the recordings and written submission made by NBS Television, and after taking into account the responses provided by the management of NBS in the physical interaction with the investigation team, it was found that:

a) NBS TV sensationalised the events of 29th April 2019. NBS dedicated an inordinate amount of the prime news time to broadcasting rowdy crowds engaged in running battles with the Police, which had the potential to embolden the public to engage in similar unlawful activities and thereby compromise public security.

b) NBS TV gave unwarranted and biased extensive coverage and prominence to individuals and events. It was found that although NBS TV had a duty to inform the public of what was happening, NBS TV  failed in its duty to ensure responsible reporting by avoiding to include violent scenes involving Police and the rowdy crowds that were engaged in burning tyres and fighting the Police

c) NBS TV failed to reasonably balance its news by ensuring that all key players are given due coverage. The news did not contain adequate and balanced response from security agencies to contextualise the day’s events.

d) NBS TV repeatedly aired images of beatings, teargassing, burning of tyres, erecting of barricades in roads and gruesome pictures of victims of violence, without a viewer’s advisory notice. NBS TV newscasters, specifically Solomon Serwanjja and Mable Twegumye Zaake, aired their personal opinions into the news broadcast on the 29th of April 2019 contrary to the requirement that news should be factual and not include personal opinions of the newscasters/ readers.
Recommended action A. Considering the gravity of the breaches found, and the fact that NBS TV had previously been warned against similar breaches, it is recommended that NBS TV be given notice to show cause as to why the Commission should not invoke section 41 of the Uganda Communications Act 2013.

B. It is recommended that NBS TV be required to train all its news reporters, producers and editors in professional reporting, where key provisions of the law and the standards should be emphasised.

C. It is recommended that NBS TV be required to demonstrate that it has adequate measures in place to ensure that news reporters, anchors, producers and editors remain impartial and non-partisan in the course of their work.
Broadcaster SALT TV
Allegation(s) It was reported that the manner in which Salt TV presented its news and other programmes on the 29th April 2019 was sensational, alarmist and gave undue prominence to specific individuals, and was likely to incite violence. It was further alleged that Salt TV did not provide any advisories to its viewers before broadcasting pictures and stories that contained violence and gruesome images.
Provisions of the law/standards SGBP – 12.12. Broadcasters should not give undue prominence to the views and opinions of particular persons or bodies on matters of political, industrial controversy or matters pertaining to current public policy in all factual programmes. Undue prominence is a significant imbalance of views aired within coverage of matters of political, industrial controversy or matters relating to current public policy.
SGBP – 2.6 Broadcasters should provide advisory notices for programme content which may be potentially disturbing or upsetting so as to enable viewers to make an informed choice.
SGBP – 2.9. Factual programmes such as news, current affairs or documentary programmes should present information in an objective, accurate and balanced manner.
Findings After reviewing the recordings and written submissions made by Salt TV, and after taking into account the responses provided by the management of Salt TV during the physical interaction with the investigation team, it was found that:

a) Salt TV sensationalised the events of 29th April 2019. Salt TV dedicated an inordinate amount of its prime news time to showing rowdy crowds engaged in running battles with the Police, which had the potential to embolden other youths to engage in similar unlawful activities and thereby compromise public security.

b) Salt TV gave unwarranted extensive coverage of individuals and events. It was found that although Salt TV had a duty to inform the public of what was happening, it failed in the duty to ensure responsible reporting by including violent scenes involving Police and the rowdy crowds that were engaged in burning tyres and confronting the Police without objectivity and viewer advisory.

c) Salt TV failed to balance its news by ensuring that all key players in the story are given due coverage. None of the news clips contained official statements from the spokespersons of any security agencies to contextualise the day’s events inspite of the allegations made against them.

d) Salt TV repeatedly aired images of beatings, teargassing, burning of tyres, erecting of barricades in roads and gruesome pictures of victims of violence, without a viewer’s advisory notice.
Recommended action A. A review of Salt TV’s file reveals that Salt TV has previously been largely compliant.

B. The management of Salt TV showed a lot of remorse for what happened on the 29th of April 2019 and undertook to put in place adequate measures to avoid a re-occurrence of similar breaches in future.

C. It is therefore recommended that Salt TV be cautioned.

D. It is recommended that the management of Salt TV be required to train all its news reporters, producers and editors in professional reporting, where key provisions of the law and the standards should be emphasised
Broadcaster PEARL FM
Allegation(s) It was reported that Pearl FM runs programmes that do not comply with the minimum broadcasting standards. It was further reported that Pearl FM broadcasts content that is likely to incite violence and destabilise the peace and security of the country.
Provisions of the law/standards UCA, 2013 Schedule 4: (b) A broadcaster or video operator shall ensure that any programmes that are broadcast are balanced to ensure harmony in such programmes
UCA, 2013. Schedule 4:
4(a) (ii) – programme does not promote a culture of violence or ethnical prejudice among the public         (iv) – not likely to create public insecurity or violence
SGBP- 9.5 – Broadcaster should not broadcast any information from any source which could endanger lives.
SGBP- 17. Programmes schedules, lineups and logbooks
i. A broadcaster shall forward to the Commission its quarterly programmes schedule/line up and synopses of new or repackaged programmes not less than one week before the beginning of the quarter.
ii. A broadcaster shall adhere to its submitted programme schedule, in the event of a change, an adequate prior announcement shall be made.
iii. A broadcaster shall maintain logbooks to record each day’s programmes; music; advertisement and sponsorships.
18- Broadcast Programme Scripts.
i. Every Scheduled broadcast item, including spot announcements, shall be scripted.
ii. The scripts must be approved by the Head of programmes who will remain accountable for whatever is broadcast in that programme.
iii. In case of a news broadcast, the Chief News Editor will be accountable for the Content in the News broadcast.
iv. On-demand by the Commission, the Station shall produce any script or transcript of the programme. (Note: Broadcasters’ stations are supposed to provide programme lineups indicating the type of programmes and the specific genres as well as the purpose).
SGBP- 2.9. Factual programmes such as news, current affairs or documentary programmes should present information in an objective, accurate and balanced manner.
Findings After reviewing the recordings and written submissions made by Pearl FM, and after taking into account the responses provided by the management of Pearl FM during the physical interaction with the investigation team, it was found that:

a) That Pearl FM Programme “Inside Story” has no programme structure, no classification and no distinct genre. The programme is prone to misuse and abuse and is likely to incite violence because it lacks adequate control mechanisms.

b) It was further noted that the manner in which the said programme, “Inside Story” is presented is not well structured and the presenter does not seem to have credible sources for the information upon which the show is based. If the show is not redefined and adequate controls put in place, it is likely to alarm the public and become a platform for fuelling political propaganda, which can result in violence

c) It was also found that Pearl FM does not follow the approved programme schedules and shows are often presented in an unstructured manner, with presenters left to run shows based on their perceptions and opinions during shows that are disguised to be factual.
Recommended action Pearl FM has previously been warned about similar breaches and appeals to the management to improve its structure and programing have been ignored.
Accordingly, it is recommended that:

a) The programme “Inside Story” be immediately suspended until after Pearl FM can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Commission that it has instituted adequate measures to improve this show.

b)Pearl FM be required to train all its news reporters, producers and editors in professional reporting, where key provisions of the law and the standards should be emphasised.
Broadcaster CAPITAL FM
Allegation(s) It was reported that Capital FM, through its morning breakfast show presented by Gaetano and Lucky incited violence when the presenters made statements calling upon all musicians to demonstrate because their fellow artist, ‘Bobi Wine’ had been arrested by security forces. It was reported that Gaetano and Lucky’s statement had the potential to undermine public confidence in the law by calling for mass action.
Provisions of the law/standards SGBP- 3.1. Broadcasting programmes should not:
ii.  present information or events in a manner likely to mislead or cause alarm to the public;
iv. contain extremist or anarchic messages, including the incitement of violence for political ends or other purposes; or
UCA, 2013.  SCHEDULE 4.
4(a) (ii) – programme does not promote a culture of violence or ethnical prejudice among the public
(iv) – not likely to create public insecurity or violence
SGBP- 2.1 Programmes should not undermine public security interest or public confidence in the law and its enforcement in Uganda.
Findings After reviewing the recordings and written submissions made by Capital FM, and after taking into account the responses provided by the management of Capital FM during the physical interaction with the investigation team, it was found that:
a) The programming of Capital FM of 29th April 2019 had not breached the minimum broadcasting standards.

b) Further review, however, revealed that indeed, presenters of the Morning Breakfast show had on 23rd April 2019 made statements, which had the potential to incite musicians to engage in unlawful protests against the arrest of Hon. Kyagulanyi, aka Bobi Wine.

c) That the statements made by Gaetano and Lucky, however innocent, offended the minimum broadcasting standards in so far as the presenters encouraged musicians and members of the public to resort to violence rather than addressing whatever grievances they had through peaceful means.
Recommended action A review of Capital FM’s file reveals that Capital FM has previously been mostly compliant. The management of Capital FM also showed a lot of remorse for content that was broadcast in that week specifically the breakfast show on the 23rd April 2019 and undertook to put in place adequate measures to avoid a re-occurrence of similar breaches in future.

It is therefore recommended that Capital FM be cautioned.

It is further recommended that the management of Capital FM be required to train all its reporters; news anchors show hosts, producers and editors about the broadcasting standards and other related laws.
Broadcaster CBS FM
Allegation(s) It was reported that CBS FM included in its news bulletins stories that were not directly attributed to any particular source.
Provisions of the law/standards Reg. 4 of Journalists’ Code of Ethics- It is unacceptable for any journalist or editor to plagiarise the professional work of any person or expropriate the work of any person without acknowledging the contribution of the owner of the work and naming his or her sources of information.
Findings After reviewing the recordings and the submissions made by CBS FM, it was found that: CBS FM had indeed aired some news stories and comments without adequately attributing them to any specific source. This practice not only offends that ethical code of journalists but may lead to misinterpretation of facts and may be misleading.
Recommended action Considering the nature of breach found and the fact that the management of CBS acknowledged their mistake and undertook to improve the quality and style of their news reports, it is recommended that CBS should be cautioned against similar breaches.
Broadcaster RADIO SIMBA
Allegation(s) It was reported that Radio Simba aired content that was likely to incite violence.
Provisions of the law/standards SGBP- 3.1. Broadcasting programmes should not:                  ii. present information or events in a manner likely to mislead or cause alarm to the public;
iv. contain extremist or anarchic messages, including the incitement of violence for political ends or other purposes; or
Uganda Communications Act, 2013.  SCHEDULE 4. 4(a) (ii) – programme does not promote a culture of violence or ethnical prejudice among the public        (iv) – not likely to create public insecurity or violence
Findings After reviewing the recordings and the submissions made by Radio Simba, it was found that:

a) Radio Simba had included in its news broadcasts of 29th April 2019, reports and audio recordings of gunshots that had allegedly happened during the exchanges between the Police and the rowdy supporters of the opposition leaders.

b) By relaying such content, Radio Simba’s listeners could have easily believed that Police was shooting at demonstrators and this could have easily incited them to commit further violence.   
Recommended action Considering the nature of breach found and the fact that the management of Radio Simba acknowledged their mistake and undertook to improve the quality and style of their news reports, it is recommended that Radio Simba should be cautioned against similar breaches.
Broadcaster RADIO TWOAKABOOZI FM
Allegation(s) It was reported that Akaboozi FM aired news about the events of the 29th of April 2019 in an unbalanced manner.
Provisions of the law/standards SGBP- 2.9. Factual programmes such as news, current affairs or documentary programmes should present information in an objective, accurate and balanced manner.
Findings After reviewing the recordings and the submissions by the management of Akaboozi FM, it was found that Akaboozi FM had been balanced in its reporting. No evidence was obtained to prove any breach by Akaboozi FM.
Recommended action No action should be taken against Akaboozi FM since its content was found to have been in line with the law and standards.
Broadcaster BEAT FM
Allegation(s) It was reported the manner in which Beat FM reported on the events of the 29th of April 2019 was unbalanced and contrary to the standards.
Provisions of the law/standards SGBP- 2.9. Factual programmes such as news, current affairs or documentary programmes should present information in an objective, accurate and balanced manner.
Findings After reviewing the recordings and the submissions made by the management of Beat FM, it was found that Beat FM was balanced in its reporting. No evidence was obtained to prove any breach by Beat FM.
Recommended action No action should be taken against Beat FM since its content was found to have been in line with the law and the standards.
Broadcaster KINGDOM TV
Allegation(s) It was reported that the manner in which Kingdom TV reported on the events of the 29th of April 2019 was unbalanced and contrary to the standards.
Provisions of the law/standards SGBP- 2.9. Factual programmes such as news, current affairs or documentary programmes should present information in an objective, accurate and balanced manner.
Findings After receiving the letter of 30th April 2019, the management of Kingdom TV responded that on the 29th of April 2019, they did not broadcast any news because its news team was not on duty on that day. To confirm this claim by Kingdom TV, the investigation team reviewed the recordings from the Commission Digital logger and indeed confirmed that Kingdom TV had not broadcast news on the 29th of April 2019. It was therefore found that the reports against Kingdom TV were not backed by adequate evidence to warrant any further investigation.
Recommended action It is recommended that Kingdom TV be reminded that under its license terms and conditions, it undertook to notify the Commission of any changes in its programming, including suspension of any programmes previously notified to the Commission. Kingdom TV should, therefore, in future, ensure that whenever any circumstances arise that render it unable to broadcast the approved programmes, the Commission is notified at least seven (7) days before suspension or change of the programme schedule.
Broadcaster RADIO SAPIENTIA
Allegation(s) It was reported that the manner in which Radio Sapientia reported and presented its news and other programmes on the events of the 29th of April 2019 was unbalanced and contrary to the standards. It was further reported that Radio Sapientia broadcasts content that is likely to incite violence and destabilise the peace and security of the country.
Provisions of the law/standards SGBP- 2.9. Factual programmes such as news, current affairs or documentary programmes should present information in an objective, accurate and balanced manner.
SGBP- 17. Programmes schedules, lineups and logbooks. A broadcaster shall forward to the Commission its quarterly programmes schedule/line up and synopses of new or repackaged programmes not less than one week before the beginning of the quarter.
ii. A broadcaster shall adhere to its submitted programme schedule, in the event of a change, an adequate prior announcement shall be made.
Findings It was noted that whereas radio Sapientia was served with the Communication’s letters of 30th April and 13th May 2019, radio Sapientia responded on 17th May 2019 addressing four out of the eight requirements as required by the Commission.

The management of Radio Sapientia never submitted the recordings for the impugned programs as required in the letter of 30th April 2019.
Recommended action Since Radio Sapientia did not submit recordings as required and neither provided full information as expected, the Commission was not able to conclusive evaluate the allegations that had been made against the station.

The Commission, therefore, recommends that Radio Sapientia should be given a notice to show cause why regulatory sanctions should not be imposed against it in accordance with Section 41 of the Uganda Communications Act.

APPROACH TO THE INVESTIGATIONS

 Findings on compliance with other relevant laws, license terms and conditions.

Requirements under the Press and Journalist Act Cap 105

Specific recommendations

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

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